Kalmar Asalin

THE

WORD

JUNE, 1915.


Copyright, 1915, da HW PERCIVAL.

MUTANE DA ABUWA.

Mene ne ma'anar wari; yaya yake aiki; Shin ƙwayoyin jiki sun hada da samar da abin mamaki, kuma wane ɓangare na yin wasa mai ƙanshi a rayuwa?

Abin da ake kira ƙanshi, tsinkaye ne game da wasu abubuwan mallakar abubuwa. Wadannan kaddarorin suna aiki akan mutum ta jikin warinsa, daga inda suke isa gabar jijiya. A jijiya yana magana da abin da ke cikin dabara, wanda ke cikin abu na zahiri, ga wani abu a cikin jikin mutum. Wannan mahangar shine kasancewar wacce take tsinkayar da yanayin abu ta hanyar bayanin da yake karɓa ta hanyar ƙoshin ƙanshi. Bangaren halitta abu ne na asali, fatalwar dabi'a ta rukunin fatalwowi. Connectedarancin ƙamshi yana da alaƙa da kuma ɗayan abubuwan da suke shiga cikin tsarin mulki da tsarin asalin ɗan adam. Anshin ƙanshi yana daga cikn ƙasa, saboda wannan dalili yana iya fahimtar kaddarorin yanayin ƙasa, waɗanda abubuwa suke samarwa. Don haka amsar tambayoyin "Mece ce ma'anar ƙanshi kuma ta yaya take yinsa?" Shine abu ne, ƙasan duniya a cikin jikin ɗan adam, wanda yake ƙanshin fahimtar asalin halayen wasu halaye na zahiri jikin, wanda ake kira wari ko ƙanshi.

Wadannan halayen ana gano su ne ta hanyar murmushi kawai. Ellingishirwa shine duk wannan ainihin. Ellingamshi abinci ne, wanda yake wadatar da shi. Yana fahimtar wasu halaye da yanayi na abubuwan ƙasa a waje. Murmushi shine abu mai ganuwa, mai ƙarancin ƙasa, wanda yake shiga cikin kundin tsarin mulkin ɗan ƙanshi da sauransu zuwa asalin ɗan adam.

Abubuwan da ke cikin jiki na abu wanda aka san shi saboda ƙanshin sa sun shiga cikin ƙwayar motsin ƙanshi. Ba wai barbashi kadai ba wanda ya kasance ta kayan zahiri amma kuma irin waɗannan abubuwan ƙasa kamar waɗanda suka gudana ta cikin abu, suna haifar da ƙanshin ji ƙanshi. Abubuwan da ke cikin ƙasa kamar tarko ne, suna gudanowa gaba da baya cikin abin. Ruwan ya kasance ta hanyar infinitesimal, barbashi marasa ganuwa waɗanda suke da alama sun haɗu ne; amma idan hankali na gani ya wadatar kuma hankali zai iya nazarin yadda yanayin yake gudana, za a ga cewa kwarararwar kamar barbashi ce.

Lokacin da yanayin jiki na mutum yayi hulɗa da yanayin yanayin abin da aka ƙone shi — wato yanayin da ake yin abubuwan da aka ambata - ana ganin ɓoyayyun a cikin yanayin mai shan sigari, lokacin da suke hulɗa da jijiyar ƙanshi. Ellinganshi shine ainihin halayyar kayan abubuwa. Kowane abu na jiki yana da yanayi na kansa na jiki, wanda aka dakatar da barbashi kuma kewaya. Amma fewan abubuwa kaɗan za a iya smrus. Dalilin shi ne cewa tsinkaye ta hanyar wari bai horar ba kuma bai isa ba. Lokacin da aka horar da warin kamshi, kamar yadda makafi ne, abubuwa da yawa na iya turare wanda a yanzu gaba daya ake ɗauka su zama marasa wari.

Duk da haka akwai kyakkyawar fahimtar wari, ma'ana ta ciki, wanda za'a iya haɓaka shi wanda wasu mutane sun riga sun haɓaka, ta hanyar da za'a iya ganin ƙanshin abubuwan da ba na jiki ba. Abubuwan da ke cikin wata duniyar na iya sanar da kansu da wari, amma wannan ba ƙanshi ba ne na zahiri.

Bangaren da ƙanshi ke haifar da rayuwa shine ƙoshin ƙoshin abubuwa a cikin rayuwar rayuwa. Kamshin abinci yana sa ruwan lemon da ke gudana yana motsa su, kamar yadda gaban teburin da yake shiri sosai. Dabbobi suna ganowa ta hanyar jin warin wuraren da zasu iya samun abinci. Sun gano kasancewar makiya da hatsarori ta wari.

Ganin cewa mutum ya sami wadatuwa a halin yanzu ta hanyar ɗaukar kwayar halitta wacce tsarinsa ya ɗauka daga abinci mai ɗorewa wanda ya ci, zai iya zuwa nan gaba, lokacin da mutum ya sami damar sarrafa gangar jikinsa, zai yuwu ga cire shi ta hanyar. jin warin da yake so ya samu kenan ta hanyar narkewa daga canjin abinci na zahiri. Sa'ilin kamshinsa mai ƙushin ƙarewa sannan za'a caje shi da ƙoshin lafiyar jiki. Sensesarfin jin daɗin wari da ƙanshin zai, duk da haka, dole ne a canza su da yawa daga yanayin da suke ciki a halin yanzu kafin abinci mai amfani ta wurin ƙoshin kansa kaɗai mai yiwuwa. Sannan barbashi na zahiri wanda za'ayi amfani dashi ta hanyar turare zai zama hanyar wadatar da jiki.

 

Mene ne tunanin? Yaya za'a iya horar da amfani da shi?

Tunani shine yanayin tunani wanda kwakwalwar kwakwalwa take aiki da tunani don bayar da tsari ga batun tunani wanda kwalejin motsa hankali ya fahimta kuma wacce aka sanya fannin ilimi ya shigo da shi a cikin kewayon. Wadannan nau'ikan tunani guda uku suna da tunani kai tsaye. Sauran ikonniyar huɗun suna da damuwa kai tsaye. The duhu baiwa shiga tsakani da tunanin, kamar yadda ya yi tare da duk sauran aikin tunani, sabili da haka dole ne duhu ikon kasance a cikin wani yanayi inda ake sarrafa yadda ya kamata don ba da damar aikin hasashe. Lokacin bayar da kayan aiki shine aikin da ake amfani da shi na tsinkaye. Haske malami ya nuna yadda aikin hangen nesa yakamata a yi. I-am baiwa ya ba da asali da kuma ɗaiɗaikun aikin hasashe. Tunani yanayi ne na tunani, kuma shi kansa ba na hankalin bane. Aikin tunani yana gudana a cikin tunani tun kafin ya danganta da tunanin mutum ta hanyar tunani sannan kafin a kirashi hankalin mai hankali ya bada sanarwa a duniyar zahirin ga abinda ya fara a hasashe. Wannan lamari ne da tsinkaye. Koyaya, ya kamata a ɗauka cewa abin da galibi ake kira hasashe ba ainihin tunanin komai bane. Abinda yaduba kuma ba tare da fahimtar ma'anar ma'anar kalmar da ake kira hasashe shine wasa da hankali a cikin hankalinsa, ko, a wani babban mataki ba, aikin tunani yayin da hankalinsa yakarfa ko kuma sanya abubuwan da ba da jin daɗi ga hankalin da kuma samar da sabon jin daɗi ko matsaloli waɗanda hankula suka nuna kuma ya haifar da hankali. Dangane da wannan yanayin, wanda ake tsammani da tunanin gaske, dukkanin bangarorin bakwai na tunani suna tayar da hankali ne ta hanyar baiwa; amma waɗannan wahalolin sune kawai karin ikon wasu ikon ta hanyar baiwa mai zurfi kuma ba aikin ikon ba. Maɓallin ikon koyarwa shine kaɗai maɓallin tunani wanda yake kai tsaye tare da kwakwalwa na matsakaicin mutum. Sauran ikonniyar shida basu da alaka. Ayyukansu suna jawo ta hanyar baiwa mai da hankali.

Don fahimtar mafi kyawun abin da hangen nesa - wato, ainihin tunani - shine, yakamata a gan shi menene tunanin ƙarya — wato, tashin hankali kawai wanda ake kira ƙage-ƙage. Abubuwan da suke tunani na karya ba wani aiki bane na ikon tunani, amma aikin na daya ne, maimaicin baiwa kawai, wanda ke damunshi da hankalin sa wanda kuma idan ya sami matsala yakan haifar da tursasawa sauran kwakwalwar guda shida ko wasu daga cikinsu.

Fannin banza, mafarkin rana, wata-wata, ba tunani bane. Aukar halittu da sifofin yanayi ba tunanin mutum bane. Kofe wani aiki, na dabi'a ne ko na mutum, ba tunanin mutum bane, duk da fasaha ana iya aiwatar dashi. Tunani halitta ce. Duk aikin tsinkaye wata halitta ce. Tunani bai kwaikwayi yanayi ba. Yanayi baya nunawa zuciya yadda za'a yi aikin tsinkaye. Yin tunani yana samar da yanayi tare da dukkan nau'ikan ta da launuka da sautinta da fannoni daban-daban. Wadannan an basu kayayyaki ne ga yanayi ta tunani bawai ta dabi'a ba.

Don haɓaka hasashe — wato yanayin tunani wanda ake baiwa fagen ikon koyarwa, da dalili, da mahimmin ikon haɗin gwiwar tare da aiwatar da ayyukanta cikin jituwa, yayin da gwanayen duhu ke iyakantuwa ko shafe su, da sauran ikon koyarwa guda uku. , baiwa lokaci, haske, da kuma I-am suna ba da gudummawa ga wannan aikin – lallai yakamata a fahimci tsarin da aka ambata anan, wanda shine kawai tsarin da zai ba da haske game da ayyukan kwakwalwa.

Mataki na biyu shine a sami damar yin tunani game da batun tunani, kuma mataki na gaba shine aiwatar da tsarin koyarwar ta hanyar da ta dace tare da baiwa da kuma baiwa da ke da hankali. Ana tambayar mai tambayar labaran guda biyu akan tunanin wanda ya bayyana a cikin maganganun Mayu da Yuni na KYAUTA, a cikin 1913. Game da batun tunani, ana iya samun bayani a ciki labarin, "Shawarori, Masters, da Mahatmas,"Buga a KALMAR aAfrilu, Mayu, Yuni, Yuli, da kuma Agusta, 1910.

Aboki [HW Percival]