Kalmar Asalin

TUNANIN DA KYAUTA

Harold W. Percival

BABI NA VII

MATAIMAKIN MATA

sashe 29

Theosophical motsi. Koyarwar Theosophy.

Daya daga cikin alamun lokutan shine Theosophical Movement. Theosophical Society sun bayyana tare da saƙo da manufa. Ya gabatar wa duniya abin da ta kira Theosophy, tsohuwar koyarwa wacce har zuwa wannan lokacin an kebe ta ga fewan: na ɗan uwan ​​ɗalibai, na karma da kuma batun sake haihuwa, na tsarin mulki na mutum sau bakwai da na duniya, da kuma daidaituwar mutum. Yarda da wa annan koyarwar yana ba mutum damar ɗan haske kansa kamar yadda sauran doctan koyarwar suke yi. Wannan wahayi na tsohuwar ilimin da aka bayar shine ya fito ne daga wasu malamai da ake kira da sunan Sanskrit mai suna Mahatmas, wanda ya yi watsi da nirvana ko moksha kuma ya kasance a cikin jikin mutane, don taimakawa a matsayin dattijan Brothersan uwan ​​garayuka”Waɗanda har yanzu suke daure da dabarar haihuwa.

Tushen ta hanyar wanda waɗannan koyarwa suka zo ita ce wata mace 'yar Rasha, Helena Petrovna Blavatsky, wanda ita kaɗai ce mutum, an bayyana shi, wanda ya dace da ƙwararrun hauka, kuma wanda ya yarda, ya karɓa da kuma yada su. Mataimakin sa daga na farko su ne lauyoyi biyu na New York, Henry S. Olcott da William Q. Alkali. Wadannan koyarwar sun yi ishara da hujjoji ga wallafe-wallafen Sanskrit kuma sun yi amfani da sharuddan da yawa, don haka suka fara Harkar Gabas tare da mishaninta zuwa Yamma. Sanskrit ne kawai ke da ƙararren magana wanda kodayake baƙon abu ne, zai ba da kansa don bayyana abubuwan da ke ciki rayuwa wanda ba a sani ba a Yammacin Turai. Ba wai kawai Sanskrit ba amma an ambaci wasu bayanan masu yawa; duk da haka, tasirin wallafe-wallafen Indiya ya ci nasara.

Theosophical Society, wanda aka kafa a New York a cikin 1875, shine farkon wanda ya fara huɗar ƙasa. Dole yayi wahala aikin a lokuta marasa dacewa. Dole ne ya kawo sanarwan koyarwar wacce baki ce da ba a sani ba. HP Blavatsky ya haifar da abubuwan mamaki wanda kodayake basu da mahimmanci a kansu, sun jawo hankalin mutane kuma suka riƙe har sai an samar da maslaha ta gaba daya. Koyarwar da aka gabatar a cikin wallafe-wallafen bayanan taƙaitaccen bayani ne, amma suna sa mutane su zama tunanin kamar yadda babu wani abin da ya yi.

Ta hanyar haske daga cikin wadannan koyarwar ana ganin mutum ba 'yar tsana a hannun wani abu mai iko, ko karfin makantar dashi, ko kuma ya zama mai wasa da yanayi. Ana ganin mutum ya zama mai kirkira kuma mai yin oda don cimma burin shi. Ya bayyana a sarari cewa mutum na iya kuma ta hanyar maimaita shi ta "zama jiki" zuwa matakin kammala nesa da tunanin tunaninsa yanzu; cewa a matsayin misalai na wannan halin, wanda aka samu bayan incarnation dayawa, dole ne ya zama yanzu ya zama yana rayuwa a cikin jikin mutane, “rayuka”Waɗanda suka kai ga Hikima kuma su waye menene talakawa zai kasance a gaba. Wadannan koyaswar sun isa don biyan bukatun mutane. Sun bayar da abin da na kimiyyar halitta da addinai babu. Suka yi kira ga Ubangiji Dalili, sun nemi zuciya, sun sanya kusanci aboki tsakanin hankali da halin kirki.

Wadannan koyarwa sun sanya burge su ta fuskoki daban-daban na zamani tunani. Masana kimiyya, marubuta da mabiyan sauran ƙungiyoyi na zamani sun aro daga wannan asusu na bayanai, kodayake ba koyaushe ba ne da sani. Theosophy, fiye da kowane motsi, ya fasalin karkata zuwa 'yanci a addini tunani, ya kawo sabon haske ga masu bincike kuma an yi su da kirki ji zuwa ga wasu. Theosophy ya cire mafi yawan tsoro of mutuwa na nan gaba. Ya ba mutum a 'yanci wanda babu wani nau'in gaskatawa da ya bayar. Kodayake koyarwar ba ta tabbatacciya ba, amma aƙalla cike suke da shawarwari; kuma a inda ba su da tsari sai sun kasance suna iya aiki fiye da duk abin da aka sanar a ciki addinai.

Wadanda ba za su iya tsayar da haske wanda ya haskaka ta hanyar bayani da shawarwarin Theosophy, galibi makiya ne. Abokan aikin da suka fara aiki tun zamanin farko su ne mishan na Kirista a Indiya. Duk da haka wasu masu ilimin tauhidi sun yi fiye da yadda kowane maƙiya zai iya yi don ɓata sunan Theosophy, kuma sun sanya koyarwarsa ta zama abin ba'a. Kasancewa memba na jama'a bai sanya mutane masu ilimin bokanci ba. Laifin duniya akan membobin kungiyar ta Theosophical Society gaskiya ne. Tunanin da kuma ji 'yan uwantaka aƙalla sun kawo ruhu zumunci cikin rayuwa daga cikin membobin. Yin aiki maimakon daga ƙananan matakin manufofin kansu, sai su bar basar su yanayi nace kanta. The sha'awar ya jagoranci, kadan kishi da fadace-fadace, rarrabe Ka'idodin farko game da ilimin ilimin halittu zuwa sassa bayan mutuwa na Blavatsky, kuma sake bayan mutuwa na Alkali.

Masu ba da kariya, kowane ɗayan ya zama zance ne na Mahatma, sun nakalto Mahatmas kuma sun gabatar da saƙonni daga gare su. Kowane bangare, yana da'awar cewa yana da saƙo, yana ɗaukar nauyin sanin nufinsa, kamar yadda ƙungiyoyin darikar da ke faɗa suka san ya kuma yi nufin Allah. Da alama mayaudari da masu sihiri sun fi yiwuwa masu motsawa ruhohi wasu daga cikin waɗannan al'ummomin ilimin tauhidi. Da alama ba abin mamaki ba ne cewa iƙirarin da aka buga a cikin wasu mujallu na littattafai da littattafai tun daga 1895 ya kamata a yi su. Wadannan koyarwar theosophist sun yi wa koyarwar reincarnation magana ta hanyar izgili, wadanda suka tabbatar da ilimin rayuwar da suka gabata da na rayuwar wasu, - ta hanyar bada lamuran zube na asali ta hanyar "lalatattun abubuwa."

Mafi yawan sha'awa an nuna shi a cikin astral jihohi da kuma bayyanar da abubuwan mamaki. Halin irin waɗannan masana theosophist yasa ya bayyana cewa an manta da falsafar. The astral an nemi jihohi kuma wasu sun shiga; kuma, yana zuwa ƙarƙashin ta kyau, da yawa sun zama wadanda abin ya shafa haske. Daga wallafe-wallafe da ayyukan waɗannan mutanen yana da alama yawancinsu suna cikin tatsuniyoyi da leis na astral jihohi ba tare da sun ga mafi kyawun bangaren ba.

Hoodan’uwa ya bayyana ne kawai a buga a kan bukukuwan bukukuwan. Ayyukan masana theosophists sun nuna cewa ta ma'ana an manta, in an taɓa fahimta. Karma, idan anyi magana game da ita, magana ce madaidaiciya kuma tana da sauti mara komai. Koyarwar reincarnation da bakwai ka'idodi ana maimaita su a cikin gwanintar da maganganun marasa rai da rashin fahimtar da ake buƙata don haɓaka da ci gaba. Membobin sun manne wa sharuɗɗan da ba su fahimta ba. Tsarin addini ya shiga ciki.

Theosophical Society na 1875 shine mai karɓar kuma yaɗa babban gaskiya. The “karma"Daga waɗanda suka kasa aiwatar da aikin A cikin ilimin Theosophical Society zai kai nesa fiye da na waɗanda ke cikin masu ilimin halin kwakwalwa ko kuma wasu motsi na hankali, saboda membobin oungiyar Theosophical Society suna da bayani game da dokar of karma, aiki.