Kalmar Asalin

TUNANIN DA KYAUTA

Harold W. Percival

BABI NA XIV

TUNANIN: HANYAR TUNA TARBIYAR rashin tsaro

sashe 4

Maimaitawa ya ci gaba. Mai yi kamar yadda yake ji da sha'awa. Goma sha biyu na masu aikatawa. Yanayin mahaukata.

Sassan sassan jikin mũnanãwa yana wucewa ji kuma da himma sha'awar. The mũnanãwa yana cike da matsayin ji a cikin kodan kuma kamar yadda sha'awar a cikin adrenals. Tasirin sa yana kan jiki duka. Yana iko da zuciya da huhu, wanda yakamata ya mallake ta mai tunani. Feeling-and-sha'awar ba zai iya bambance kansa daga wannan a yanayi wanda aka jawo hankalinsa ko kuma aka haɗa shi.

Feeling yana da yawa ayyuka. An yi amfani da huɗu daga cikin ma'amalarsa da yanayi; Sun yi daidai da hankali. Su tsinkaye ne, na ji wanda fahimta; mai iyawa, na ji wanda ya sanya tsinkaye tsinkaye; formativeness, na ji wanda ke ba da tsari ga kuma inganta haɓakar cikin tunani; da kuma projectiveness, cewa na ji wanda yake fitowa daga kwakwalwa tunani wanda daga baya ya zama aiki, abu ko taron.

Feeling tana jin kanta kamar kasancewarta duk abin da ya shafe ta. Don haka ji jin yunwa, wanda yake marmarin ta ƙauraran na jiki ga abin mamaki of abinci, kamar yadda ita kanta sha'awar ƙauraran. Feeling yana jin rauni a jikin mutum, kamar yadda shi kansa yake ƙauraran wanda cutarwa, jini da zafi. Yana jin raunin da aka gani a jikin wani a daidai wannan hanyar, ta kasancewa duk sanannun cikakkun bayanai, kodayake a matakin ƙarami. Ya ji da mutuwa na aboki, ta hanyar kasancewa majiyai na asarar kamfanin, ta'aziyya da tallafi. Amma ji ba yunwar ba, rauni ko rashi, wanda shi kansa yake ji.

Dangane da batun tarawar aure kuma akwai banbanci, saboda ji ji kanta a matsayin kasancewa da sauran gefen kanta a cikin ƙungiyar, ko da yake shi ma ji kanta a matsayin ƙauraran wanda yalwatuwa da farin ciki cikin majiyai.

Feeling shi ne cewa embodied mũnanãwa Wannan yana karɓar abubuwan kwaikwayo wanda tsari-numfashi gabatar da shi, bayan tsari-numfashi ya karbe su daga hankula. Abubuwan da aka fahimta sune ƙauraran aikawa ta daga ko shigar dashi daga yanayi, tare da yanzu na numfashi. Dukkanin abubuwan fahimta suna gudana ne ta hanyar tsari-numfashi to ji. Akwai waɗannan ƙauraran zama majiyai yayin da, kuma muddin, suna haskakawa, da farin ciki da kuma kafa su, ta hanyar tuntuɓe ji. Lokacin ji ji da su shi ya sa su majiyai. Sun ci gaba da kasancewa majiyai idan dai suna tare da juna ji. Lokacin da suka wuce daga taɓawa ji, wanda suke yi a cikin ɗan kankanen lokaci, ba su kuma ba majiyai, amma sun sake ƙauraran, raka'a yanayin ba a tare da ji.

Feeling ba abin mamaki, kuma ba a ji a abin mamaki. Feeling ba shi da wani majiyai na kansa, ko cikin ko ta kansa. Yaushe ji ji a zafi daga damuwa ko matsa lamba akan jijiya, ƙauraran shiga tare da jijiya, kuma ta hanyar tsari-numfashi shiga tare ji. The ƙauraran wanda haka shigar su ne ƙauraran yin babban abu wanda yake haifar da zafi, kamar harsashi, ko yardar, kamar wutar dumama; ko ƙauraran yin wani sashin jiki wanda yake haifar da zafi, kamar kashin da ya karye ko kuma jin dadi, kamar su huhu a cikin tsananin numfashi; ko kuma mara iyaka ƙauraran kamar waɗanda suke cikin magudanan ruwa na asali wanda ɗimbin yawa a cikin harka zafi or yardar. Feeling jin su kamar yadda abin mamaki, kamar yadda hannu yaji fensir. Amma yayin da fensir ba a kuskure ba don hannu ko ga ji a hannu, da abin mamaki, ko da yake kamar yadda kasashen waje ga Ubangiji ji kamar yadda yake fensir zuwa hannun, kuskure ne game da ji. Feeling a cikin jiki shine abin da yake ji.

saboda ji ba a abin mamaki zai iya ƙi ƙauraran ya zama majiyai; yana iya ƙi ji. Zai iya yin wannan ta hanyar bada izinin ƙauraran saduwa da shi, bayan sun kusanci shi ta hanyar tsari-numfashi. Elementals a kowane lokaci raye a cikin tsarin juyayi na juyayi; kuma akwai su har yanzu ƙauraran. Abin sani kawai lokacin da tsari-numfashi yana canja su zuwa tsarin juyayi na son rai da suka zama majiyai. Chloroform, wanda aka ɗauka tsari-numfashi da kuma aiki a kan son rai juyayi tsarin, yana hana abin mamaki zafi, ta cire haɗin son rai daga tsarin son rai. Feeling zai iya yin daidai da abin da maganin kwantar da hankali ya yi, ko kuma zai iya janyewa daga tsarin juyayi na son rai. Cire haɗin ko kuma cirewa dole ne ta tunanin.

Feeling, m gefen mũnanãwa, ba tunani bane, amma a ciki tunanin yana amfani da ji-da-hankali. Ba shi da ilimi, a'a ra'ayi. Ya yi daidai ji kuma yana ji kawai. Ba bincike bane, bashi da hukunci. Ya dogara gaba ɗaya sha'awar, bangaren aiki na kanta, don kara kuzari. Yana buƙatar sa ji-da-hankali don fassara shi abin da yake ji da kuma tsaftacewa da inganta ma'abuta babban ji cikin wadanda suka fi kyau. Ya dogara da kan ji-hankali ya zama ya horar da tunanin cewa tana iya jin dama daga ba daidai ba in yanayi kuma a kanta, kuma wannan na iya jin mai tunani, da dawwamar da ainihi na masani.

Feeling ba noetic, yana da babu ainihi. Halinsa shine haɗa kansa da komai da komai kuma don haka yana hawa da sauka kuma bashi da ainihi a kanta.

Feeling daya ne, amma ji suna da yawa. Feeling kanta kamar yadda na mũnanãwa rabo a cikin jiki, shine asalin dukkan ji. Lokacin da jin haushi ya haifar da ji na hakori, wannan bangare na ji wanda yake cikin jijiyar haƙori, ya bayyana kansa a matsayin abin mamaki na ciwon hakori. Yana animates ga lokaci tuntuɓar ƙauraran wanda ke haifar da ciwon hakori. The ji, Kamar yadda zafi daga ciwon hakori ko ta'aziya daga cikakken ciki, ko kuma jin daɗin faɗuwar rana ko kewayon tsauni, suna da bambanci da yawa. ji, rabuwa da rarrabewa da bayarwa form Ta hanyar abubuwanda ke haifar dasu, kuma duk da haka dukkaninsu suna fitowa daga ji da kuma bacewa cikin ji, kamar yadda fararen fata suka bayyana suka bace a cikin teku.

Sanadin rabuwa da ci gaba daban-daban ji daga ji, shine daya ko fiye daga cikin huhun huxu. Wadannan, tare da kwaikwayonsu daga abubuwa na yanayi, yana numfashi da numfashi-form A cikin kwakwalwar mutum mai kwakwalwa kuma don haka kusanci da saduwa da ji. Don haka hankula su ne hanyar ƙauraran zama majiyai da kuma jawo hankali tare da hanyoyin hankali, inda ya zama daban ji. Lokacin da tunanin ya isa kodan kuma ya taɓa ji, ji yana rufe kansa kamar yadda magnet ke riƙe allura, kuma ba zai iya barin nan da nan ba. Ana jin motsin mai dadi ko mara dadi kuma ya zama abin mamaki, wanda idan ya isa sosai, zai tilasta tunanin.

Ba tare da jiki na zahiri ba yanayi ba zai iya isa ba ji, ba zai iya kira ba ji kuma ba zai iya samun ɓangare na ba mũnanãwa cikin yanayi. Nature bayar da damar domin mũnanãwa a horar da ci gaba da ji. Feeling an horar da mũnanãwa Ta hanyar hankali guda huxu don bambance lambobi, kamshi, dandano, sauti da gani. Don haka ji yana horar da yanayi Layi a cikin fasaha da kuma kimiyyar. The raka'a a jiki da waje yanayi suna burge da kuma hulɗa da lamba tare da ji. A waje yanayi an shirya su zama raka'a a jiki.

Daidaitawa, dayan gefen of ji, bangarenta mai aiki, ne sha'awar. Babu ji ba tare da sha'awar kuma babu sha'awar ba tare da ji. Ba za a iya bambance su ba, ɗayan ba zai zama ba tare da ɗayan; suna cikin sadarwa da mu'amala ta ci gaba. Feeling burge sha'awar da kuma sha'awar amsa zuwa ji. Feeling yana jin wani abin farin ciki kamar mara dadi ko mara daɗi kuma yana sanar dashi sha'awar don gamsar ko cirewa.

Desire abin birgewa ne, tuki, ja, turawa, mai tsaurin ra'ayi, iko da hankali. Yana amsawa da kuma cikawa ji. Yana aiki don gamsarwa ji. Lokacin da kanta ba zata iya amsa dukkan abin ba ji ji, yana amfani da son zuciya da kuma bukatar cewa tunanin amsa ga ji. Desire yana cikin sadarwa tare da yanayi saboda ji kawai, kuma tare da masani ta hanyar mai tunani kawai. Time ba kuma nesa ba abu bane a cikin aikin sha'awar, kodayake cikas a ciki yanayi na iya hana bayyana ta a wurin.

Desire kansa ɗaya ne, amma akwai adadi mai yawa sha'awa. Wadannan an cire su daga sha'awar ta hankula hudu, ta hanyar ji. Duk wani motsin da mutum yake ji yana fitar da wani muradin wanda zai amsa shi. Mutanen da abubuwa na yanayi ana gabatar dasu don jin ta hankula. Feeling yana jin abin da ake shigo da shi da kuma sha'awar ko a kan mutum ko kayan. The sha'awa kamar muryoyi ne da suke magana da ɗan adam. Suna tura shi cikin yarda ko gaba da mutum ko abin da aka yi. The sha'awa Kasancewa mai aiki yana zama kamar, ga lokaci, bangaren mulkin mutane. Duk da haka sha'awar ana jagoranci ta hanyar ji, da ji ta yanayi. The ji da sha'awa canji, don haka ɗan adam ya taɓa canza masu mulkin. Suna da damar siffofin, kamar cat, hog, wolf, tsuntsu ko kifi kuma a sami tsari bayan haka mutuwa. Desire, bin ji, yana shiga yanayi kuma ya zama karfin tuƙi a cikin mai motsi yanayi. Kadan sha'awa na masu rai shiga yanayi kuma zauna a can siffofin; mafi yawan sha'awa dauke ta hanyar samar da kayan tunani kuma shiga yanayi in tunani. The sha'awa na matattu rayuwa dabba siffofin in yanayi.

Theaukar kowane ɗayan ɗayan goma sha biyu na mũnanãwa yawanci ga rayuwa na jiki jiki. Amma a wasu lokuta maganganu ne cewa bangarori biyu ko fiye da suka shiga jiki, daya bayan daya, tare da guda tsari-numfashi don haka a guda rayuwa. Sannan mutumin ya nuna haruffa daban-daban masu nasara waɗanda galibi ana nuna su a wurare daban-daban a ciki rayuwa.

Sassan sassan jikin mũnanãwa ya kebanta, gwargwadon ɗan adam wanda yake shine, shine sani, kuma duk da haka ba'a rabuwa da sassan mara tushe ba. Yana da lissafi don kansa ji da kuma sha'awa, amma bangarorin da ba sa cike da tsari ba suna cikin karancin abin da ya shafe su kuma ana taimaka musu ko hana su sha da wahala ko wahala a gare su, kamar yadda yake yi wa nasu, saboda shi kuma suna daya ne. Amma game da abin da ya faru a zahiri rayuwa, kowane yanki ya girbi abin da ya shuka. Daga qarshe jikin dole ne ya zama mai iyawa ne wanda dukkan bangarorin goma sha biyu zasu kasance a ciki iri daya lokaci, sabõda haka, dukan mũnanãwa yana daga ciki.

The yanayin mahaifa is al'amarin na mũnanãwa, amma ba kamar yadda aka bunkasa ba al'amarin na yanayin tunanin mutum. Yana da cewa al'amarin na mũnanãwa wanda yake da alaƙa da form duniya kuma ya yi tare da al'amarin wannan duniyar, ta hanyar aiki da dauki. The Yanayi An bambanta daga mũnanãwa, wanda shine tushensa na aiki, kuma daga ilimin halin kwakwalwa numfashi, wanda shine gudana mai gudana daga Yanayi cikin mũnanãwa kuma daga mũnanãwa daga cikin Yanayi. The yanayin mahaifa ebbs kuma yana gudana a matsayin mai tabin hankali numfashi, cikin da ta zahiri numfashi saboda haka yana kiyaye hakan da jikin mutum yake tafiya. The yanayin mahaifa kuma za a bambanta daga yanayi-al'amarin, wato, ƙauraran na form duniya, wanda yake a ciki. The form duniya ya kewaye kuma ya shiga duniyar zahiri, da yanayin mahaifa na iya hulɗa da kowane ɓangare ko duka na form duniya. Time da kuma sarari, kamar yadda aka sani a duniyar zahiri, baya wanzu a cikin form duniya, kuma ba su toshe wa yanayin mahaifa da mũnanãwa. The yanayin mahaifa ba tsari bane, amma bangarorinsa sun mamaye jiki Yanayi da jiki na zahiri, waɗanda ke ciki.

The form duniya ba ta da hulɗa kai tsaye da yanayin mahaifa; sadarwa tsakanin su biyu ana ci gaba ta hanyar tsari-numfashi domin mũnanãwa, kuma ta zahirin jiki don yanayi. The mũnanãwa ba ya aiki a kan form duniya kai tsaye. Yana aiki akan tsari-numfashi ta hanyar kwakwalwa numfashi, wanda yake gudana a cikin jiki numfashi, da abubuwa ta hanyar tsari-numfashi da hankula huɗun ta hanyar duniyar zahiri form duniya. The form duniya ta kai ga mũnanãwa a cikin tsari mai nunawa. Nature ƙauraran na form duniya tana aiki ne ta hanyar jiki ta zahiri akan gabobin jiki kuma sune tsari-numfashi isar da ta ji ga masu tabin hankali numfashi, wanda ke yada su a cikin yanayin mahaifa.

a cikin yanayin mahaifa babu Light na Intelligence, sabili da haka mahaukacin numfashi ba ya ɗauka Light da mũnanãwa ba tare da Light. A cikin yanayin mahaifa yana da tabin hankali al'amarin, wanda shine ɓangare na mũnanãwa. Wasu daga wannan al'amarin ba tare da form wasu kuma suna cikin canji siffofin of ji kuma daga sha'awa. Waɗannan, duk da cewa sun bambanta, ba abubuwa bane daban Yanayi da kuma su siffofin ba siffofin kamar abubuwa na zahiri. Abinda ake kira tsari shine sanadin kamannin jiki. Lokacin jin batutuwa azaman ji, ko maganganun sha'awa kamar sha'awa, waɗannan suna raba ji da kuma sha'awa ɗauki hanyar abin da suke ji ko muradinsu, da waɗannan siffofin na ji kuma daga sha'awa kewaya cikin kuma su wani yanki ne na yanayin mahaifa. wadannan ji da kuma sha'awa Jihohin masu ilimin halin kwakwalwa ne kuma suna aiki azaman kwakwalwa tuna lokacin da suka shafi embodied mũnanãwa rabo.

Haka kuma akwai a cikin yanayin mahaifa ƙauraran na form duniya; yayin da ake nishaɗin su zama majiyai na haske ko baƙin ciki, baqin ciki ko hisabi, son sani ko kasada, ko wasu jihohin tunani. Wasu daga cikinsu suna ɗaukar abin da ake kira siffofin na ji da kuma sha'awa da shafi ƙauraran na zahirin duniya, shine al'amarin na zahirin duniya, kuma haka ne ji da kuma sha'awa shiga kwari da furanni. Wasu daga ƙauraran a cikin yanayin mahaifa tayar da wasu ji da kuma sha'awa. Wasu sun shiga yanayin mahaifa wasu kuma akwai ta da irin wannan ji da kuma sha'awa.

The ƙauraran na form duniya sun fi kyau, sun fi gaban hankali ƙauraran waɗanda suke na zahiri yardar or zafi; amma suna kawai ƙauraran, wanda ke tayar da ji kuma yi wasa da shi. Don haka zafi gogaggen a cikin ido, haushi da wani akwatin ko mura, yardar ji yayin cin abinci, tashin hankali na taron mutane da ke haifar da demagogues ko manyan baki, sune ƙauraran na zahirin duniya. Amma Castles a cikin iska, gajimare na baƙin ciki, zurfi motsin zuciyarmu da wahayi, jigilar kaya da tarayya na sufi ne ƙauraran na form duniya waɗanda ke wasa a cikin jijiyoyi da kan ji da kuma sha'awar na mũnanãwa.