Kalmar Asalin

MUTANE DA MATA DA YARA

Harold W. Percival

KASHI NA IV

MILESTONES A HANYA MAI GIRMA DON SAMUN MUHIMMANCI

Sabuntawa: Ta Hanyar Tunani

Hanyar da tunani na zuciyar mutum akan batutuwan da abubuwan hankali suka danganci Haske mai haske akan abubuwan da ake tunani an bayyana su a sashin. "Ku san kanku." Hasken da yake shiga yanayin ta wannan yana nuna madaidaicin sassan halitta ta hanyar gina tsarin jikin mutum; Haske kuwa, yadda hasken da aka saukar ta hanyar tunani yake ɗaukar hatimin wanda yake tunani. Ilimin da aka samu ta hanyar tunani ta hanyar hankali shine ilimin ilimin-hankali, wanda yake canzawa kamar yadda hankula suke canzawa. Sense-ilimin ana samu ta wurin Mai yi, so-ji, tunani gwargwadon hankali-jiki ta hankula; koyaushe yana canzawa domin yanayi koyaushe yake canzawa.

Amma yayin da aka kaskantar da hankalin mutum ta hanyar tunanin tunani-sha'awar, to shi Mai-ikon zai iya sarrafa hankalin mutum zai gani kuma ya fahimci yanayi domin Haske mai haske yana nuna komai kamar yadda suke: son zuciya yake so sannan ku sani cewa dukkan al'amura yakamata su kasance a cikin Tsarin Madawwami na Ci gaba a maimakon a sake neman kuɗaɗen shiga tsakanin mutane a cikin wannan duniyar canji.

Yana da mahimmanci a fahimci cewa: ɓangaren gaban ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwa a tsakiyar kwakwalwa shine tashar ta tsakiya daga wacce nau'in numfashi ke daidaita tunanin mutum huɗu tare da tsarin juyayi na yanayi don yanayi; cewa sashin baya na jikin mutum shine tashar tsakiya daga inda rai mai hankali yake kamar tunani yakeyi yana aiki ta hanyar jijiyoyin jiki da son rai; cewa jiki-tunani yana tunani ne kawai ta hanyar hankula hudu. cewa Haske mai haske a cikin tunani ana bayar da shi ne ta hanyar hankali-jikinsa kuma aka aika shi cikin dabi'a, don haka yana da alaƙa da abubuwan halitta; kuma, saboda haka, wannan sha'awar ba ta rarrabe kanta da ta wuce yanayi, ba ta yanayi ba.

Ta hanyar tunani, son zuciya yana ɗaure mutane, wurare, da abubuwa ga kansa kuma ya ɗaure kansu zuwa gare su, yayin da ake ɗaure shi bayi ne. Don samun 'yanci dole ne ya' yantar da kansa. Zai iya 'yantar da kansa ta hanyar kame kansa daga abubuwan da aka ɗaure shi, kuma, ta hanyar kasancewa cikin rashin kulawa, yana da' yanci.

Haske wanda ke nuna hanya zuwa yanci da rai mara mutuwa shine Haske Mai Sannu a ciki. Yayinda yake shiga kwakwalwa sai ya shimfida ta hanyar kashin baya da jijiyoyi zuwa duk sassan jikin mutum. Kwalwar baya tare da rassa masu yawa itace bishiyar rayuwa a jiki. Lokacin da mutum da zuciya ɗaya ke son 'yanci daga jima'i, Haske yana haskaka duhu na jiki kuma yayin aiwatar da al'amuran jiki ya canza ya canza daga duhu zuwa haske. Hasken hankula na lokaci ne, na canje-canje na lokaci, kamar yadda aka auna shi dare da rana, rayuwa da mutuwa. Haske Mai Haske yana Madawwami ne, inda lokaci bazai iya zama ba. Haske mai santsi yana cikin ciki ta wannan mutumin da matar duniyar haihuwa da mutuwa, amma hanyar duhu daga duhu ba za a iya ganin ta jiki da jini ba. Dole ne mutum ya hango hanya ta idanun fahimta har sai an ga hanya ta duhu sosai. Tsoron lokaci ko duhu ko mutuwa ya shuɗe kamar yadda Haske akan hanya ya yi ƙarfi da ƙarfi. Wanda ya tabbatar da hanyar zuwa rashin mutuwa zaiyi tunani da aiki domin tunani da aiwatarwa su ci gaba ba tare da tsayawa ba. Idan Mai aikatawa a cikin jiki bai shirya canza shi ba a rayuwar yanzu yana wucewa ta mutuwa da farkawa a rayuwa ta gaba don ci gaba cikin sabon jikin canji na mutum zuwa jikin jima'i na kammala.

Tsarin waje da tsarin jikin mutum sananne ne daki-daki. An bincika hanyoyin jijiyoyi kuma an san alaƙar da ke tsakanin jijiyoyin motar mutum mai saninsa da jijiyoyin jijiyoyin gani. Baya ga abin da aka fada game da kujerar gwamnatin dabi'a kasancewa a gaban bangaren pituitary da kuma na gwamnatin Doer kasancewar a cikin sashi na baya, a nan an bayyana cewa a cikin lokutan farkawa rarrabe tsakanin sashi na baya da sashin gaba na jikin mutum yana aiki da hankalin mutum wanda ya hau kansa daga sashi na baya zuwa na gaba don yin tunani game da yanayi ta hankula. An san cewa akwai wani mabudin juyawa da ake kira ja cibiyar (ja tsakiya) wanda a kowane lokaci yake haɗa kai tsaye kuma ya danganta da jijiyoyin motsi tare da jijiyoyi masu yanke hukunci na duk ayyukan jikin. Wannan cibiyar jan launi, kowane daya daga dama da hagu na layin mediya, yana a karkashin ko a bayan jikin pineal kusa da kananan kananan bulloli hudu, da ake kira quadrigemina, a cikin ventricle na uku. Duk waɗannan bangarorin da jijiyoyi suna da damuwa da ayyukan ruhin kwakwalwa na jiki. Amma babu wani bayani da aka bayar game da haka game da aiki da hankali a cikin jiki, ba tare da abin da jikin mutum zai zama dabba ba shi da iko don tantance ayyukan, ko kuma fahimtar tsarin aiki.

Jin son zuciya a jikin mutum ba corporeal bane, kuma ba daga hankula bane. Baza'a iya samin shi ba ko skalpel ko microscope. Amma mai hankali zai iya nemo shi kuma ya san shi ta hanyar tsarin numfashi da nutsuwa da tunani, kamar yadda aka bayyana musamman a sashe na baya. (Duba Kashi na IV, “Tsararraki.”)

Ga wanda yake son sanin kai cikin jiki yana da buqatar samun ma'anar fahimta game da ma'anoni da kuma bambanci tsakanin kalmomin “kwayoyin halitta” da “hankali”; da kuma fahimtar cewa akwai tunani ko hanyoyi na tunani guda uku, wanda Mai aikatawa yake amfani da shi: hankali-jiki, hankali, da tunani. Kamus ɗin ba da taimako sosai game da wannan.

Webster ya fassara "kwayoyin halitta" a matsayin: "Abinda duk abin da aka tara duk wani abu na zahiri." kuma, ya fassara “hankali” a matsayin “ƙwaƙwalwa; musamman: matsayin tunawa -, ”amma ma'anar ma'anar tunanirsa ba ta ma'ana da ma'anar ko aiwatar da kalmar ba.

Saboda haka yana da kyau a yi la’akari da ma’anar kalmomin “kwayoyin halitta” da “hankali” kamar yadda ake amfani da su a wannan littafin. Duk nau'in kowane nau'in na raka'a cikin tsari da kuma jerin matakan ci gaba. Amma akwai bambanci sosai da keɓaɓɓe tsakanin raka'a yanayin da raka'o'in masu hankali a matakin ilimi. Yanayin raka'a suna sane as ayyukansu kawai; kuma dukkanin raka'a yanayi ba su da hankali. Nau'in mai hankali shine ɓangaren Triune kai wanda ya wuce yanayi. Ya ƙunshi sassa uku da ba za'a iya rarrabe su ba: I-ness da son kai a matsayin Masanin sane ko ɓangaren halitta, da haƙƙi da dalili a matsayin mai tunani ko ɓangaren tunani, da kuma ji da sha’awa a matsayin ɓangaren Doer ko kuma na psychic. Kashi daya ne kawai na bangaren Mai son ji shine sha'awar mutum a kowane lokaci; kuma wannan yanki shine wakilin dukkan sauran wuraren. Sharuɗɗan da aka yi amfani da su cikin magana game da Turanci na kansa a matsayin ɓangare wanda ya ƙunshi mutane da yawa da yawa kuma sassa da yawa ba su da tushe, amma babu wasu sharuɗɗan kalmomin a cikin harshen da zai ba da damar cikakken bayanin ko bayani.

Bayanan da aka ambata a sama sune rashin fahimtar menene ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, da kuma abin da hankali yake ko aikatawa. A takaice, ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya shine rikodin da aka yi akan siffar numfashi ta hanyar gani, ji, dandano, ko wari, kamar abubuwan kwaikwayo da aka yi akan fim a cikin ɗaukar hoto; ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya shine haifuwa ko kwafin hoto. Ido shine kyamarar hoto wacce ake ganin hoton ta hanyar tsinkaye ta hanyar hangen nesa da kuma sha'awar ta hanyar numfashi yayin fim. Yin haifuwa shine takwarorinta ko tunawa da rikodin. Dukkanin kayan aikin da ake amfani da su wajen gani da tunawa na halitta ne.

Kalmar “hankali” kamar yadda aka yi amfani da ita anan ita ce aiki ko tsari wanda ake yin sa ko ta hanyar tunani. Tunani shine aiki na hankali mai hankali na hankali, kamar yadda ya bambanta daga aiki na mara hankali ga ma'anar hankali da hankali hudu. Kai mai hankali bashi iya tunanin kansa ko bayyana kansa a matsayin baya ga gawar saboda, kamar yadda aka fada a baya, yana karkashin kulawar hankali ne na zuciyar sa kuma hakan yana tilasta shi ne ta hanyar tunani. Kuma hankalin mutum baya iya tunanin yarda-sha'awa ba kamar yadda yakeji ba.

Don rarrabe kanta, mai hankali zai zama yana da iko akan tunanin mutum, saboda irin wannan iko yana da mahimmanci don yin tunani cikin sharuddan Triune Kai, maimakon yin tunani cikin sharuddan abubuwan hankalin. Ta hanyar wannan iko ne tunanin tunani-jiki zai kasance yayin aiwatar da lokaci tare da canza jikin jikin mutum zuwa jima'i ta jiki, ta hanyar bayyanar da canza jinin jikin dan Adam ta hanyar numfashin rai na har abada, lokacin da jiki ya kasance shirye don karɓar rai madawwami-kamar yadda aka fada a sashe na baya. (Duba Kashi na IV, “Tsararraki.”) Sannan son-zuciya yana da fahimtar kanta.

Lokacin da jin da-da-da-da-birai suka kasance daya daga cikin bangarorin Sadiyan, ba zai zama kyakkyawa da iko ba dangane da mai tunani da masaniyar, a matsayin mai sanin abu-mai tunani-Trier kai cikakke, kuma zai sami matsayin sa a cikin Mulkin na dindindin.

Kamar yadda mutum daya ko fiye da mutane suka fahimta suka fara kawo waɗannan canje-canje a cikin kansu, tabbas sauran mutane zasu biyo baya. Daga nan wannan duniyar haihuwa da mutuwa sannu-sannu za su canza daga son zuciya da kuma barrantar da hankalin mutum ta hanyar zama tare da sanin abubuwan da suke faruwa a ciki da kuma bayan. Masu aikin hankali wadanda ke cikin jikinsu zasu fahimta da kuma fahimtar tsarin dawwama yayin da suke juna biyu kuma suka fahimci kansu a jikin canzawar da suke a ciki.