Kalmar Asalin

THE

WORD

Vol. 20 JANUARY, 1915. A'a. 4

Copyright, 1915, da HW PERCIVAL.

GAGARAU.

Aljanu da Ba su taɓa zama Maza ba.

BABU gaskatawa da gabaɗaya koyaushe, cewa, akwai jinsirorin halittun da ba mutane ba, kuma waɗanda ba fatalwa ba ne na mutane masu rai, ko fatalwar mutanen da suka mutu. Waɗannan abubuwan fatalwowi ne da ba mutane ba. An ambace su da sunaye daban-daban: alloli da rabin alloli, mala'iku, aljanu, almara, elves, spunkies, kelpies, brownies, nymphs, imps, hobgoblins, oreads, hyads, dryads, naiads, nereids, fauns, satyrs, succubi, incubi, elementals, gnomes, undines, sylphs, da salamanders.

A zamanin da, imani da irin wadannan halittu ya zama gama gari. Kadan ne suka yi shakkar kasancewar su. A yau, a cikin wuraren da cunkoso yake da yawa, waɗannan abubuwan halitta suna wanzu ga mutum a cikin buga almara da littattafan labarai kawai. Nurses da uwaye, idan sun zo daga kasar, har yanzu suna ba da labarin su ga littlea Motheran, amma mahaifiyar Goose suna da fifiko.

Me ya sami ruhohin da Indianan Arewacin Amurkawa da suka yi imani da haifar da girgizar ƙasa, ruwan sama, guguwa, gobara, da kuma wanda ke cin gandun daji, wanda ya tashi daga tabkuna da koguna, waɗanda suka yi rawa a kan ruwan ruwa da wasa a cikin hasken duniyar wata, waɗanda ke raɗa A cikin iska, wanda fasalin sa mai walƙiya ya haskaka a lokacin fitowar alfijir ko kuma yanayin zafin rana?

Ina sararin samaniya, dawakai, taurari, waɗanda suka taka rawa a cikin ƙoramu da a ɓoye na Hellas? Sunyi wani yanki kuma sun sami matsayi a rayuwar mutanen wancan lokacin. A yau mutane ba su san waɗannan abubuwan ba, sai dai cewa a cikin wurare masu nisa, a cikin Scotland, Wales, Ireland, a cikin jigilar Carpathian, an ce suna wanzu.

Masana ilimin kimiyyar lissafi na Arabiya, Faransa, Ingila, Jamus, sun yi rubuce-rubuce da yawa game da aji huɗu na abubuwan asali, abubuwan da suka mallaki abubuwan da ke tattare da wuta, iska, ruwa da ƙasa. Wasu daga cikin masana ilimin kimiyya, Geber, Robert Fludd, Paracelsus, Thomas Vaughn, Roger Bacon, Khunrath, sunyi magana game da masaniyar su da wadannan halittu.

Abubuwan halittar farko ba za'a bayyana su da fatar jikin mai binciken asalin dabbobi ba. Gilashin girma na masanin halitta ba zai bude hanyar zuwa mazauninsu ba, balle gwajin maginin sunadarai zai bayyana su, ayyukansu, duniyoyinsu, da masu mulki. Ra'ayoyin kayan duniya da tunani na wannan zamani sun nisantar da su daga gare mu, kuma mu da su. Halin da ya dace da ilimin kimiyya game da duk abin da ba a fahimta, ba a gani, kuma ba tare da darajar kasuwanci ba, yana sanya haramtacciya ga duk wanda zai ba da hankali da tunani mai mahimmanci ga jinsin asali. Fasahar sadarwa a tsakiyar zamanai a yau ya yi daidai da batun fitar da mabudan ɗabi'a daga cikin manyan jami'ai masu koyar da ilimin zamani na jami'a. Ga mawaka da masu zane-zane, ana ba da lasisi don mamaye kansu da waɗannan abubuwan da ba a sani ba; yana iya zama saboda ana wahala su zama abin ban mamaki.

Malaman kimiyyar zamani suna ba da izgili game da mutane. Ubannin kimiyyar zamani sun zauna a ƙafafun Aristotle, waɗanda suka yi imani da launin fata. Paracelsus da Von Helmont, masu gano mahimman abubuwan kimiyyar zamani, sunce zasu iya yin umarni da wasu ruhohin yanayin.

Daga Helenawa muna da falsafancinmu, da fasaharmu, da sha'awar ƙin tushe, da kuma burinmu na nagarta. Bai zama mai koyo don yin ba'a ba abin da ba imani bane kawai, amma waɗannan Girkawa suna ɗaukar su a matsayin gaskiya.

Batun fatalwowi da ba su kasance maza ba, za a kula da su a nan a karkashin manyan labarai biyu: na farko, matsayinsu a cikin juyin halitta, da yanayinsu da ayyukansu; na biyu, alakar su da mutum.

Abubuwa na da yawa daga cikin jihohi, jirage da kuma duniya. Al'amarin duniya ya sake zuwa cikin jirage da digiri da yawa. Abubuwan da suke duniyar suna sane da wasu jihohi game da abin da ya shafi duniyar su, amma ba duk jihohin da ke maganar duniyar ba ne. Gabannin abin da duniyar kowane duniyar take sani, yawanci manyan kasashe ne kawai na abin da ya shafi duniyar. Batun da suke da masaniya kan su yana da alaƙa da batun jikin wannan duniyar. Don sanin duk wani abin da ba wanin halittar jikinsu ba, dole ne a fara sanin jikinsu da abin da sauran al'amuran suka shafa. Abubuwan da duniyar zahiri ba su da masaniya da duniyar duniyar tunani, ko kuma duniyar duniyar tunani, ko kuma duniyar duniyar ruhaniya. Kowane duniya tana da bangare guda, kuma abin da yake magana a kan wancan duniyar shi ne.

Halin kowane ɗayan duniya ya kasu zuwa jihohi da jirage iri-iri. Akwai abu guda na asali a waccan duniyar, amma ba a san ainihin asalin abin da ke duniyar wacfanda suke sane da jirgin saman da suke aiki a jikinsu ba. Duniyarmu ta zahiri ta kewaya, shiga, tallafawa, ta sauran duniyoyin uku, masu tunani, tunani, da ruhaniya. Abubuwan wadannan duniyoyin sune duniya, ruwa, iska, da wuta.

Ta waɗannan abubuwan ba ma'anar ƙasa muke tafiya ba, ruwan da muke sha, iskar da muke hurawa, da wutar da muke gani kamar harshen wuta. Tsakanin waɗannan abubuwan mamaki shine wanda ta halin yanzu-ba a san abubuwa huɗu da ba a san su ba.

Duniyar ruhaniya itace asalin wuta. Sararin samaniya yana bayyana kuma yana ƙarewa a wannan duniyar. A ciki an haɗa da sauran halittun duniya guda uku. Wuta abu ne na ruhaniya, shine tushen duniyar ruhaniya. Wuta Ruhu ne. Duniyar Wuta itace Madawwami. A cikin tsarkakakken yanayin sauran duniyoyin suna da wuraren zama, ɗayan ɗayan. A cikinsa babu duhu, baƙin ciki, mutuwa. Anan ga dukkan halittun duniyar da ke bayyane suna da asalinsu da ƙarshensu. Farkon da ƙarshe ɗaya suke a cikin Madawwami, Wuta. Farkon shine wucewa zuwa cikin duniya mai zuwa; ƙarshen makoma ne. Akwai bangaren da ba a bayyananne ba da kuma gefen gefen murhu. Wutar wancan duniyar ba ta halaka, ba ta ƙonewa. Yana ba wa halittunsa wuta, ruhun gaskiya, kuma ya mutu. Batun a waccan duniyar ta latti ne ko kuma zai yuwu. Wutar ita ce ƙarfin aiki.

A tsakanin bayyane na duniyar wuta, shine duniyar tunani. Wancan duniyar, batun rayuwarsa, kwayoyin halitta, sararin samaniya ne. Wannan iska ba yanayin yanayin jikinmu bane. Shine na biyu cikin halittar da aka bayyana, kuma a halin yanzu ba a san masu bincike na zahiri ba. Haka nan kwayoyin halitta da halittun sama basa iya fahimtar tunanin mutum. Tsarin iska da abin da ke ciki na sane. Saboda haka ake kira duniyar tunani. Ba dukkan halittun da ke cikin iska suke da hankali ba. Ganin cewa duniyar wuta shine Madawwami, duniyar tunani shine lokacin duniya. Lokaci yana da asalinta a duniyar tunani, wanda yake shi ne sashin bayyanannu na Madawwami. A cikin wannan duniyar ana tsara yanayin rayuwar kowane abu a cikin rayuwar rayuwar duniya da na duniya biyu. Akwai bangare wanda ba a bayyana ba da kuma gefen fili na sararin sama. A duniyar kwakwalwa babu wasu nau'ikan da ma'abocin fahimta masu tsinkaye suke fahimta ko sanin siffofin. A duniyar tunani akwai nau'ikan tunani, ba siffofin mai hankali ba. Abubuwan da suke cikin duniyar ruhaniya da kwakwalwa ba su da siffofi kamar yadda muke tsinkaye siffofin; Tsinkayemu game da nau'i kasancewa ta taro, shimfida, da launi.

A tsakanin bayyane rabin yanayin iska shine yanayin ruwa, duniyar kwakwalwa. Wannan ita ce duniyar da hankalinmu biyar yake aiki. Tabbas, abin da ake kira ruwa a nan ba shine sinadaran sunadarin hydrogen da oxygen ba. Kwayoyin halitta a wannan duniyar kwayoyin ne. Wannan ita ce duniyar sifa, ta fasali. Yankin ruwa shine duniyar abin mamaki da motsin zuciyarmu. Duniyar taurari tana fahimta a wannan duniyar ta mahaukata, amma ba a cika tare dashi ba. Abin da aka sani da sararin samaniya, shine maɓoɓin ƙasa ko na ɓangare na ɓangaren da aka bayyana a duniyar duniyar kwakwalwa. Yankin kashi na ruwa yana da bayyane da kuma gefen da aka bayyana.

A tsakanin bayyane gefen ruwa shine fadin duniya. Wannan duniya ba ta zahirin duniyarmu bane. Bangaren qasa ko yanki na duniya yana da bangarorin da basu bayyana ba. Anan an nuna bangaren duniyan nan ana kiransa duniyar zahiri kuma yana da jiragen sama guda huɗu, ƙaƙƙarfan ruwa, ruwa, mai daɗi, mai walƙiya, mai haske. Akwai sauran jiragen sama guda uku na duniya, amma ba su zuwa cikin kewayon hankalinmu guda biyar, kuma wadannan jirage uku na bangarorin da ba a bayyana su ba daga sararin duniya ba su yarda da mu ba.

Don fahimtar abubuwa akan abubuwan hawa uku na sama ko wadanda ba bayyananne ba a sararin duniya, dole ne mutum ya sami bunkasuwa ko kuma aka samu shi ta haihuwa tare da hankalin da ya dace da wadancan jirage guda uku. Mutanen da suka ga abubuwa, ko suka ji ko jin ƙanshi waɗanda ba na zahiri ba, gabaɗaya suna zaton sun tsinkayi sararin samaniya; amma a zahiri, a mafi yawan lokuta, suna tsinkaye ne akan jijiyoyin jijiyoyin da suke gani na sararin duniya.

Dalilin wannan bayanin shine bayyana yadda duniyar da halittu suke ciki, suke riskar juna; kuma Ya fayyace yadda duniyan duniyan ya hada da sauran bangarorin ukun. Kowane abu na sauran duniyoyin uku suna da alaƙa da aikatawa ta duk duniya. Jihohi huɗun na zahirin rayuwa, tsayayye, ruwa, iska, mai wuta, suna dace da manyan maɓoɓo huɗu na abubuwan tsafi guda huɗu, duniya, ruwa, iska, wuta.

(A ci gaba.)