Tsarin CEREBRO KO KYAUTATA SIFFOFIN MUTANE

Wannan tsarin ya ƙunshi Brain, Spinal Cord da jijiyoyi waɗanda ke fitowa daga waɗannan tsarukan.

TAFIYA

Fig. VI-A, a

Taga mai kyau Ventricle na uku Sake rabin Gaban rabin Jiki na jiki Ventricle na huɗu Jikin fitsari

Wannan adadi yana nuna alamun kwakwalwa; ventricles na 3 da na 4 (cavities) a cikin layin mediya, tare da taga m wanda ke kaiwa zuwa ventricle a kaikaice na dama hemisphere, da pituitary da pineal jikin. Yankunan baƙar fata suna wakiltar ventricles, wanda aka ci gaba zuwa ƙasa azaman tsakiyar jijiyar kashin baya.

Hannun ventricles, sarari tsakanin abubuwan da ke tattare da kwakwalwa, da sarari da ke kewaye da jikin kwakwalwar kai tsaye don wucewa ne rayuwa da kuma numfashi igiyoyin ruwa, wanda kusa da komai ya zama sananne ga Yamma.

Lura yadda ventricle na 3 ya shiga cikin tushe (infundibulum) da kuma sashin baya na jikin pituitary; wannan bangare shine wurin zama na mũnanãwa-in-jikin; gaban gaba shine wurin zama na tsari-numfashi, wanda ke sarrafa izinin shiga ayyuka na jiki.

KALMAR KARYA DA KALMOMI NA FARKO
KARFIN CIKIN KYAUTA DA KYAUTATA KWARAI

Siffa VI-A, b

SASHE NA KYAUTA KYAUTA

Siffa VI-A, c

Grey al'amarin Batun tsakiya Farin ciki

Siffa VI-A, d

7th – mahaifa – 1st vertebrae 12 – dorsal vertabrae – 1 5th – lumbar – 1st sacrum Coccyx Termental filament
KARATUN CIKIN SA da Kuma Zayyanta Ga Jigilar Gargajiya

Yankin kashin kashin ya isa daga tushe daga kwakwalwa zuwa game da juyawa daga kashi na 12 da zuwa kashi na 1 lumbar vertebrae; Tsawanta zuwa ƙasa ana kiranta filamental tashar, wanda ke a ƙasa zuwa haɗakar coccyx. Maganin kashin baya yana da hanyar canji na tsakiya, tsawan zuwa ƙasa na ventricles na kwakwalwa; a ƙasa, a cikin amfrayo, wannan canal ya kai ƙarshen ƙarar filament, amma a cikin manya yakan zama ya kumshe cikin filati kuma ya ɓace fiye ko inasa, da gudu mutane.

An kasha kashin kashin kasha zuwa kashi biyar: kashin mahaifa, dorsal, da lumbar vertebrae, da sacrum da coccyx. Tsarin ƙwanƙwasa da kuma nau'in vertebrae suna haifar da buɗewa a ɓangarorin biyu ta hanyar abin da ke motsa jijiyoyin jijiyoyin wuya a wuyansa, gangar jikin, da na sama da na ƙarshe, (Sif. VI-A, b).