Kalmar Asalin

TUNANIN DA KYAUTA

Harold W. Percival

BABI NA II

MAGANAR DA SIFFOFIN DUNIYA

sashe 2

Kurwa.

Kusan duk wanda ya ji ko ya yi amfani da kalmar rai jita-jita cewa ya san abin da ake nufi. Amma ba zai iya ayyana shi ko bayyana shi ba saboda bai san menene Ubangiji ba rai shine, ko abinda yakeyi ko baya yi. Amma ga ma'ana of rai babu addini ya sanya kowane bayyani filla-filla game da abin da yake; duk da haka idan ba don wancan ba a sani ba kuma wanda ba a rubutashi wani abu ba zai kasance ba Dalili ko uzuri na a addini. Abinda ake kira da rai ba a magana ba tsammani cikin kasancewa; kuma ba a halitta ta wata hanya ba.

The rai ba mai hankali bane, amma abune mai mahimmanci ga mutum. Yana da wani naúrar of yanayi-al'amarin; kuma sakamako ne na dogon cigaba wanda za'a yi bayanin shi daidai a shafukan da zasu biyo baya. Don lokacin zai isa ya ce aiki na a naúrar of yanayi-al'amarin sakamakon a kasancewarsa a karshe da tsari-numfashi na jiki jiki. The tsari-numfashi, kamar yadda aka fada a babin gabatarwa, rayayyu ne rai na jiki. The form al'amari na tsari-numfashi shine cigaban naúrar yanayi ake magana a kai a sama, kuma shi ne m ko formative al'amari na tsari-numfashi. Aiki al'amari na tsari-numfashi ne numfashi; wannan numfashi al'amari shine rayuwa na tsari da mai gina jiki ya zama. Asali kamannin, da rai, cikakke ne; shi ne mai daidaita naúrar yanayi a cikin cikakke, jiki mara mutuwa a ciki na yanayi Dauda na Mutum. Babu komai a ciki yanayi na iya lalata cikakkiyar sifa; cikakken jikin sa ya zauna kuma yana aiki da mũnanãwa wani ɓangare na rashin mutuwa Ƙungiya Uku. Wancan mũnanãwa ya ji-and-sha'awar; shi yana da cajin da tsari-numfashi, kuma shi kadai zai iya canza nau'in yanayin tsari-numfashi; kawai da mũnanãwa zai iya canza hakan cikakken jikin mutum. Cewa jikinsa yanzu mutum ne, na mutum, kuma ajizai ne sakamakon mũnanãwa'aikin.

The masu aikatawa waɗanda yanzu suna cikin jikin ajizai na maza da mata na wannan duniya da zarar sun yi kuskure mai rauni. Cikin wucewa ta gwajin gwaji mai mahimmanci na kawo ji-and-sha'awar cikin daidaitattun ƙungiyoyi, sun yarda da kansu suyi nasara ga sihirin sihiri ta hanyar aikin ɗabi'a na jiki-tunani ta hankula. Kamar yadda ji-and-sha'awar, wadanda masu aikatawa rasa daidaituwa, kamewar kai, wato, sarrafa su ji-and-sha'awar hankali, kuma na jiki-tunani da abin da suka kiyaye jikinsu na raka'a a daidaita Ikon ya wuce zuwa ga jiki-tunani kowane ɗayan waɗannan masu aikatawa, Da masu aikatawa da haka ya fadi karkashin mafarki na hankula, kuma bayan haka tunani kawai a cikin sharuddan mamaki lokaci, na haihuwa da mutuwa. Duk masu aikatawa yanzu a jikin mutane suna cikin wadanda suka yi wannan kuskuren. Wadanda basu yi wannan kuskuren ba, wadanda suka kiyaye daidaiton su, masu kamun kai, wadanda ke sarrafa Ubangiji jiki-tunani by su ji- kuma sha'awar-hankali, ya wuce gwajin da cancanta a matsayin manyan hafsoso na yanayi; suna da sassan jikinsu a cikin Gwamnati a cikin Dauda na Mutum, da kuma duniyar duniyar mutane take canji, (Fig. VB, a).

Duk jikin mutum da yake shigowa wannan duniyar ana yin sa ne yayin mahaifiyarsa bisa ga form, da rai, wanda yake shiga jikin ta ta hanyar shi numfashi kuma yana haifar da kamannin jikin da za ayi halitta. Lokacin haihuwa ta jiki rayuwa-numfashi na tsari-numfashi ya shiga jikin jariri, kuma a cikin zuciya ya hada kai da form al'amari sannan kuma shine tsari-numfashi; sai da tsari-numfashi aiwatar da shi ayyuka a matsayin “mai rai rai”Na jiki. Tsarin shine, kuma tsawon rayuwar shi zai kasance, nau'in ko tsarin yadda mai rayuwa yake numfashi na tsari-numfashi zai gina gaba zuwa wani tsarin da za'a iya gani raka'a of yanayi-al'amarin—Ffid, ruwa, iska, da annuri - wanda aka canza wannan gawar. Lokacin da mũnanãwa ya rabu da jiki a mutuwa da tsari-numfashi ya bar shi. The raka'a yanayin wanda jikinsa ya kunshi koma wa jihohi hudu ko abubuwa wanda suka kasance. A nau'i nau'i na tsari-numfashi, wato, “rai, ”Rakiyar mũnanãwa rabo wanda ya kasance a cikin jiki, ya wuce cikin daban-daban bayan mutuwa jihohi, (Fig. VD); kuma bisa ga Ubangiji mũnanãwa's makoman zai kasance a lokacin da zai sake zama nau'i wanda zai zama sanadiyyar ɗaukar ciki da kuma tsarin ginin wani jikin mutum, wani yanayi na'ura a cikin abin da sake-data kasance mũnanãwa zai sake farawa aikin a cikin duniya, kuma rayu fitar da wannan yanki na makoman wanda ya yi, ta wurin sa tunanin.

Daga waɗannan maganganun za a ga cewa rashin ma'amala da rashin aiki, ƙoshin aiki da maɗaukar iko rai ambaci wannan da muhimmanci sosai na farko mahalu ,i, cikin tsari-numfashi-A naúrar yanayi wanda yake shi ne sani a matsayin ta aiki- a cikin mafi girman digiri a ciki yanayi(Hoto II-H).

A takaice dai a maimaita hakan ma'ana wasu facts bayyana a cikin Gabatarwa: The mũnanãwa is ji-and-sha'awar a jiki. Feeling, duk da cewa gabaɗaya an yarda cewa zama na biyar ne azaman taɓawa, ba ma'ana bane; ba ta bane yanayi. Feeling ne m gefen, ko al'amari, na mũnanãwa; sha'awar shine bangaren aiki. Feeling-and-sha'awar a jiki ba biyu bane ko kuma daban: suna hadewa da juna kuma suna aiki tare koyaushe. mũnanãwa. Daya ya mamaye ɗayan kuma ya ƙaddara jima'i na jiki.

Abin da ji da sha'awa kuma yana tunani a jikin mutum, wancan kwarewa Yana aikata abubuwan da ake yi a duniya, sune mũnanãwa. Wancan mũnanãwa- a-jikin, duk da haka, yanki ɗaya ne daga cikin kashi goma sha biyu na duka mũnanãwa. Waɗannan rabo goma sha biyu ba su da bambanci, amma kowane yanki yana rayuwa dabam; sha biyu sun sake rayuwa cikin nasara, ɗaya bayan ɗaya, ɗaya a lokaci, a rayuwa bayan rayuwa.

A dukan mũnanãwa bangare daya ne, bangare ne na kwakwalwa, daga bangarorin ukku na jikin mutum madawwami Ƙungiya Uku. Sauran biyun sune mai tunani, sashin hankali, da masani, da noetic sashi. Saboda ajizanci da iyakokin jikin mutum, mai tunani da kuma masani sassa na Ƙungiya Uku kada ku zauna a cikin jiki kamar yadda yake embodied rabo na mũnanãwa bangare; suna kawai saduwa da jiki ta hanyar cibiyoyin jijiya. Lahira, saboda shahara lokacin da ma'ana na rubutu a sarari, da guda kalma mũnanãwa za a yi amfani da shi a maimakon kalmomin kamar mũnanãwa-in-da-jiki, sanya ciki mũnanãwa rabo, rabo daga mũnanãwa wanzu a jikin mutum.