Kalmar Asalin

THE

WORD

OKTOBA, 1909.


Copyright, 1909, da HW PERCIVAL.

MUTANE DA ABUWA.

A wace mahimman abubuwa ne duniya ta duniyar ta bambanta da ruhaniya? Wadannan kalmomin suna amfani da su a cikin littattafai da mujallu da suke magance waɗannan batutuwa, kuma wannan amfani yana da kyau don rikita zuciyar mai karatu.

“Duniyar sararin sama” da “duniyar ruhaniya” ba kalmomi ne masu amfani ba. Ba wanda zai iya sanin wannan batun. Duniyar sama da gaske duniyar tunani ne. A cikin duniyar zahirin rai da dukkan abubuwan da ake yi a zahirin halitta ana yin su, kuma a cikin taurari kuma ana bayyanar da tunanin duniyar tunani, kuma, ta duniyar hankali, tunanin duniyar ruhaniya. Duniyar ruhaniya ita ce daula inda aka san duk abubuwan da suke kamar yadda suke, babu yaudarar da za a yi akan waɗancan mutanen da suke rayuwa cikin sa. Duniya ta ruhaniya ita ce daula inda mutum ya shiga, bai sami ruɗani ba, amma ya sani kuma an san shi. Bayyanancin halayen duniyar biyu buri ne da ilimi. Sha'awa shine mai mulki a duniyar sama. Ilimi shine tushen hukunci a duniyar ruhaniya. Abubuwa suna zaune a duniyar taurari kamar yadda dabbobi suke zama a zahirin duniya. Ana motsa su kuma bisa ga sha'awar sha'awa. Sauran halittu suna rayuwa a cikin duniyar ruhaniya kuma ilimin ya motsa su. Yayin da mutum ya rikice kuma ba shi da tabbas game da wani abu da bai buƙaci ya yi la’akari da cewa shi “mai tunani ne a ruhaniya,” duk da cewa yana iya yiwuwa shi mai ƙwaƙwalwa ne. Wanda zai iya shiga duniyar ilimi ta ruhaniya bashi da tabbas game da hakan. Bawai kawai yana so ya zama bane, ballantana ya yi tsammani, ko ya yi imani, ko ya yi tunanin cewa ya sani. Idan ya san duniyar ruhaniya ilimin shi ne tare da shi, ba kimantawa ba. Bambanci tsakanin duniyar sararin samaniya da duniyar ruhaniya shine bambanci wanda yake tsakanin sha'awa da ilimi.

 

Shin kowanne ɓangaren jiki yana da halayyar basira ko kuma yana aiki ne ta atomatik?

Babu wani sashin jikin da yake da hankali kodayake kowane sashin jiki yana da hankali. Kowane tsarin kwayoyin halitta a cikin duniya dole ne ya kasance mai hankali idan yana da kowane aiki. Idan ba a san aikinsa ba zai iya yin ta. Amma sashin jiki bashi da hikima idan da hankali ana nufin mahalicci ne da tunani. Ta hanyar hankali muna nufin wata halitta wacce za ta iya sama da girma, amma ba ta ƙasa ba, fiye da halin mutum. Abubuwan da ke cikin jikin mutum ba masu hankali bane, amma suna aiki ne karkashin wata jagora ta hankali. Kowane sashi na jikin mutum yana karkashin mulkin sa wanda yake sane da irin sashin jikin na musamman. Ta hanyar wannan aiki mai hankali kwayoyin ne ke haifar da sel da kwayoyin halitta da kwayar zarra wadanda suke hada shi, don bayar da gudummawarsu ga aiki ga aikin. Kowane kwayar zarra da ke shiga cikin sunadaran kwayar halitta ana yin hakan ta hanyar kwakwalwar kwayoyin. Kowane kwayar halitta da ke shiga jikin kwayar halitta ana sarrafa shi ta hanyar rinjayar sel. Kowane kwayar halitta wacce take jikin gabobin halittun jikin mutum ne yake aiki, kuma kowane gabobi a matsayin sashin jikin mutum ana gudanar dashi ne ta hanyar da yake tsara tsarin halitta wanda yake tafiyar da tsarin jiki. Kwayar zarra, kwayar kwayar halitta, kwayar halitta, kwayoyin halitta kowannensu suna sane a cikin ayyukansu na musamman. Amma babu ɗayan waɗannan da za a iya cewa mai hankali ne ko da yake suna yin aikinsu a fagage daban-daban na aikinsu da ainihin ƙimar inji.

 

Idan kowane ɓangare ko wani ɓangare na jikin jiki yana wakilta a cikin tunanin, to me yasa mutum mai lalata ya rasa yin amfani da jikinsa idan ya rasa yin amfani da tunaninsa?

Hankali yana da ayyuka guda bakwai, amma jiki yana da mafi yawan gabobin jiki. Saboda haka, ba kowane sashin jiki bane zai iya wakilta ko wakiltar wani aiki na tunani. Ana iya raba gabobin jikin mutum zuwa azuzuwan da yawa. Za'a iya yin rarrabuwa ta farko ta bambance gabobin da suke da, azaman aikinsu na farko kulawa da tsarewar jikin. Daga cikin waɗannan sun fara gabobin da ke aiki cikin narkewa da ƙimantawa. Wadannan gabobin, kamar ciki, hanta, kodan da saifa suna cikin sassan jikin mutum. Na gaba sune waɗanda suke cikin rami na thoracic, zuciya da huhu, waɗanda suke da alaƙa da oxygen da kuma tsarkake jini. Wadannan gabobin suna aiki ba da son ransu ba tare da kauda hankali ba. Daga cikin gabobin da ke da alaƙa da hankali sune ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwayar ciki da ƙwayar hanta da wasu ƙwayoyin ciki na kwakwalwa. Mutumin da ya rasa amfanin tunaninsa, a zahirin gaskiya, zai bayyana ne yayin da aka bincika shi ya shafi wasu gabobin. Rashin damuwa na iya zama saboda dalilai ɗaya ko dayawa. Wani lokacin abin da ke faruwa na yanzu shine na zahiri ne kawai, ko kuma yana iya kasancewa saboda wani yanayin mahaukaci ne, ko kuma hauka na iya zama saboda hankalin mutum ya rabu da barin mutum ne. Ana iya haifar da rashin hankali ta wani dalili na zahiri, kamar cuta ɗaya daga cikin gabobin ciki, ko ta wani yanayin mahaifa ko asarar glandar thyroid. Idan kowane bangare na jikin da ke da alaka da hankali, ko kuma ta hanyar sa hanu ke aiki da jikin zahiri, ya baci ko kuma aikinsa ya tozarta shi, to hankalin ba zai yi aiki kai tsaye da kuma ta zahirin jiki ba, kodayake yana iya haɗa shi da shi. . Don haka tunanin mai kama da keken keke wanda injin sa ya lalace, duk da cewa a saman sa, ba zai iya barin sa ba. Ko kuma ana iya misalta mai son mahayan da aka makale da dokin sa, amma wanda aka ɗaure hannayensa da ƙafafunsa da bakinsa ya yi jawur har ya kasa ikon bi da dabbar. Sakamakon wani ƙauna ko asarar wani sashin jikin mutum wanda hankalta yake aiki ko sarrafa jikin mutum, hankali yana iya haɗuwa da jiki amma ya kasa jagorar shi.

Aboki [HW Percival]